This calligrapher is known as a "lunatic". After he woke up from a nap, he quickly wrote a calligraphy work in his memory, which turned out to be a treasure in the calligraphy world.

Write good Chinese characters, draw good Chinese paintings, welcome to Lin Lan's calligraphy and painting education!

I believe that there will be momentary inspiration in every life. Maybe you are a calligrapher, painter, or designer, chef, and you will need inspiration when creating, and today Lin Lan’s calligraphy and calligraphy education will introduce this strange calligraphy in history.  Home, it turned out to be a celebrity after sleeping and waking up. What is going on, let us continue to look down.



And the crazy calligrapher we are going to talk about today is Yang Ningshi, the prime minister and famous calligrapher of the Five Dynasties in the late Tang Dynasty.  In the Han and Friday dynasties, the official to the prince Taibao, known as "Master Yang" in the world.

In addition, he has a well-known nickname called "Crazy Yang", but this "crazy" is not "really crazy" but "pretending to be crazy". 

In the late Tang Dynasty, Zhu Wen defeated Tang and became the founding emperor of the Hou Liang. At that time, Yang Ningshi’s father, Yang She, was the prime minister of the Tang Dynasty. He received a tricky job, which was to submit the seal of the emperor to Zhu Wen.  Hard work, if you don't get it right, you will become a sinner who has been stinking for years.

This is a poem by Huang Tingjian, a calligrapher in the Song Dynasty, praising the calligrapher "Yang Fengzi" in the Five Dynasties-Yang Ning's style. The typeface of the classic Yang Ning's masterpiece "Liu Hua Tie" is between running script and regular script.  Won the brushwork of Wang Xizhi's "Lanting Jixu", which is called the fifth line of the world.

collection of "Yang Ning-style Allium Flower Tie" by Luo Zhenyu

"Liu Hua Tie" Yang Ning style book, running script, ink on hemp paper, height 26 cm, width 28 cm, 7 lines, 63 characters.  "Leek Flower Tie" is a letter, the content is that when you wake up from a nap, you are very hungry, when someone presents leek flowers, it is very delicious, so I wrote to express my gratitude.

Collection of the Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty, Collection of Wuxi Museum

"Liu Hua Tie" is not only the font, the pen has a sense of relaxation, and more importantly, the line spacing of "Liu Hua Tie" is stretched to the limit, breaking the old pattern of line spacing and kerning that are not too large.  Some characters even go beyond the conventional typography, or they are misplaced left and right, or up and down, or top-heavy, sparse, or tight... However, everything comes out of nature, without pretentiousness, showing a kind of ethereal and distant beauty.  

The whole form is like a leisurely and elegant stranger, with one hand, one shot, all indecent and graceful, calm and composed.  The scattered cloth and the peculiar composition complement each other, making the author's leisurely and leisurely mood alive on paper.  Whether it is from the calligraphy itself or the content of the text, you can really feel the author's dizzy mood.  Yang Ningshi is regarded as an important person who has always inherited Tang Qi Song.  The "Song Four" (namely Su Shi, Huang Tingjian, Mi Fu, and Cai Xiang) were all deeply influenced by it.

There are currently three copies of "Liu Hua Tie" known to be in the Qing Dynasty Neifu Collection, which is now in the Wuxi Museum, which was once inscribed in the "San Xi Tang Fa Tie"; the other is the collection of Pei Boqian, seen in the "China Ink Tie Dacheng", which has now been lost.  ; One is from Luo Zhenyu's collection.  According to textual research, only Luo Zhenyu's collection of the three books is authentic.  

This post has always been hidden in the palace as a treasure of the emperor’s imperial view, and once entered the Xuanhe Neifu of Huizong of the Song Dynasty and the Shaoxing Neifu of the Southern Song Dynasty.  This book was in the collection of Zhang Yan in the Yuan Dynasty, with Zhang Yan's postscript, which was transferred to Xiang Yuanbian and Wu Zhen in Ming Dynasty.  

During the Qianlong period, the doctor of Jianshu risked the crime of exterminating the door and exchanged the copy with the copy. The copy was left in the palace and it became the Qing Dynasty Collection. The original copy was later introduced to the people, and Luo Zhenyu bought it for the collection at the end of the Qing Dynasty.

Comparison of Yang Ningshi's "Liu Hua Tie" Version

There are 7 partial comparisons below.  All pictures use the same scale, that is, the same word size. The size of the picture is different because it is also a collection print.

Comparison chart 7-1🔽

Comparison chart 7-2🔽

Comparison chart 7-3🔽

Comparison chart 7-4🔽

Comparison chart 7-5🔽

Comparison chart 7-6🔽

Comparison chart 7-7🔽

From the Tang to the Song Dynasty, Yang Ning’s style was a turning point. Su Shi commented: “Zhu Yan, Liu Mei, and the decline of his brushwork. In addition to the chaos of the late Tang Dynasty, the characters withered, and the literary charm is exhausted.  The two kings, Yan, and Liu are really the heroes of the book, and they are not lost in the times."

Yang Ningshi has always been regarded as an important figure in the history of calligraphy.  Moreover, his innovative works and vulgar calligraphy character deeply influenced the calligraphy giants of the Song Dynasty.  For example, the "Song Sijia" (namely Su Shi, Huang Tingjian, Mi Fu, and Cai Xiang) were all deeply influenced by it.  Looking at the overall situation of the history of calligraphy, he is a pivotal figure who inherited the calligraphy of Tang and Song dynasties and tended to be new.

This is Yang Ningshi, a "lunatic" who has low-key influence on Chinese calligraphy for thousands of years.

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