Lin Lan Painting and Calligraphy Education,Calligraphy Story Series--Wang Xizhi

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Wang Xizhi (321-379), the character Yishao, the Han nationality, a famous calligrapher in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, known as the "Sage of Calligraphy". Born in Langya (now Linyi, Shandong), he moved to Shanyin, Huiji (now Shaoxing, Zhejiang), and lived in Jinting, Yan County in his later years.

Wang Xizhi

Wang Xizhi successively served as Secretary Yin, General Ning Yuan, Jiangzhou Governor, and later as the internal history of Kuaiji, leading the general right. His calligraphy is good at Li, Cao, Kai, and Xing styles. He carefully researches the body and posture, traces the heart, draws on all the strengths, prepares all the styles, and smelts in one furnace. 

The style is peaceful and natural, the gestures are subtle and subtle, beautiful and healthy. Wang Xizhi's representative work "Lanting Preface" is known as "the world's first line of writing". In the history of calligraphy, he and his son Wang Xianzhi are collectively called "Two Kings".

Wang Xizhi's calligraphy has influenced the calligraphy from generation to generation. Ouyangxun, Yu Shinan, Zhu Suiliang, Xue Ji, He Yan Zhenqing, Liu Gongquan in the Tang Dynasty, Yang Ningshi in the Five Dynasties, Su Shi, Huang Tingjian, Mi Fu, Cai Xiang in the Song Dynasty, Zhao Mengfu in the Yuan Dynasty, and Dong Qichang in the Ming Dynasty. Therefore, he enjoys the reputation of "Book Saint".

Wang Xizhi's Calligraphy Life

It is said that once, Wangxi Road crossed a bridge in Shanyin City (now Shaoxing). An old woman carried a basket of hexagonal bamboo fans and sold them on the market. That kind of bamboo fan is very simple and has no decorations, and it cannot attract the interest of passers-by. It seems that it cannot be sold, and the old woman is very anxious. To

Bamboo fan inscription

Seeing this situation, Wang Xizhi felt sorry for the old woman, so he stepped forward and said to her, "You have no pictures on the bamboo fan, so of course it can't be sold. How about I inscribe you with the words?" The old woman didn't know Wang Xizhi. Seeing that he was so enthusiastic, he gave the bamboo fan to write. When Wang Xizhi picked up the pen, he wrote five characters on each fan, and returned it to the old woman. 

The old woman was illiterate, and felt that he was scribbled and very upset. Wang Xizhi comforted her and said, "Don't worry. Tell the person who bought the fan that it is written by Wang Youjun." Wang Xizhi left, and the old woman did what he said. The people on the set saw that it was really Wang Youjun's calligraphy, and they all rushed to buy it. A basket of bamboo fans will soon be sold out.

The book sage Wang Xizhi likes geese very much. He believes that raising geese can not only cultivate sentiment, but also learn some calligraphy theories from observing the movements of geese. Once when Wang Xizhi went out to play, he saw a group of beautiful white geese and wanted to buy it. 

Upon asking, he knew that these geese were raised by a Taoist priest nearby, so he found the Taoist priest and wanted to discuss with him to buy the group of geese, that Taoist priest. Hearing that the famous Wang Xizhi wanted to buy it, he said: As long as Wang Youjun can copy a copy of the "Huang Ting Jing" for me, he will take some geese to him. Wang Xizhi readily agreed, and this turned the book into a good story for the white goose.

Book becomes a goose

Cleverly make up the spring couplet

The great calligrapher Wang Xizhi personally writes Spring Festival couplets to the door every New Year's Eve. Because his font is called "the world's first line of script", many people want to get the word but it is rare. So every New Year's Eve, as soon as his Spring Festival couplets are posted, they are secretly revealed before midnight. This year, New Year's Eve came again, and Wang Xizhi wrote the Spring Festival couplet with eight characters, "Fortune is unparalleled, 

misfortune never comes singly", leaving the second half. Those who wanted to steal the couplet saw that these eight characters were unlucky, and they returned in disappointment. At the time of Yin, Wang Xizhi made up for the second half and became "Fu Wushuang is here today, and misfortunes never come alone last night." Early the next morning, people who wanted to steal the spring festival couplets were amazed when they saw the spring festival couplets changed.

Fei Songzhi, Liu Laozhi, Kou Qianzhi, Sima Fuzhi, Sima Liangzhi, Sima Jingzhi, Sima Tanzhi... Wang Xizhi’s sons Xuanzhi, Ningzhi, Huizhi, Caozhi, Xianzhi; Sun Zizhenzhi , Jingzhi. 

Do not avoid

Why don't the above-mentioned people avoid the taboo? There is a big secret hidden here, a secret related to Zhang Liang in the Western Han Dynasty. Wang Xi’s generation has 12 names with the word "Zhi", 22 children and nephews, 12 grandchildren, 

13 great-grandchildren, 9 great-great-grandchildren, and 4 fifth-generation grandchildren... Chen Yinke said that these people are not shy about it. Because they are all members of the Celestial Master, this "Zhi" is a code and badge. And the eldest master Zhang Tianshi is Zhang Liang's eighth grandson.

The calligraphy art of the famous calligrapher Wang Xizhi in the Eastern Jin Dynasty reached the height of "topping the peak". Investigating its cause, it has a lot to do with Wang Xizhi's belief in Taoism and the integration of books and Taoism. The native Taoism produced Taoist amulets very early. When copying the scriptures, the scripture students must be skilled in calligraphy, 

and the process of writing the scriptures is unknowingly affected by Taoist culture. Many Taoist scholars in history were mostly famous calligraphers and painters. They cultivated their moral character and cultivated their character. Wang Xizhi is a typical representative of this aspect. He combines monasticism and calligraphy art to complement each other and complement each other, thus producing great artistic charm.

Taoist Love

Wang Xizhi’s Taoist beliefs have a profound family background. The Wang family was the most representative cultural gentry in the Eastern Jin Dynasty. From top to bottom, I believe in Huang Lao's theory. "Book of Jin · Volume Eighty · Biographies No. 50" records that the Wang family "the Zhang family has five buckets of rice, but also a fine channel." 

The "Dao Jing" records that the ancestor of Wang Xi, the prince Jin, yearns for the spiritual emptiness of the gods, and moves forward. Yutian The story of the twenty-seventh cave sky (one of the thirty-six caves in the Taoist world) of Tongbai Mountain (now Jinting in Shengzhou) at Taipei Gate. "The Latent" records: "Yin's Wang family, his descendants, the world's joy of nurturing nature, the art of gods."

Okay, the story about the famous ancient Chinese calligrapher Wang Xizhi, that's all, I hope you like it.

Learning Chinese calligraphy, learning Chinese painting and calligraphy, Linlan painting and calligraphy education, is your best friend!😀

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