The girls in Chinese paintings are so beautiful, their ancient women's clothes are even more beautiful!

Hello everyone, here is the blog of young Chinese calligraphy and painting teacher Lin Lan. Teacher Lin Lan is the pioneer of Chinese painting and calligraphy research, education and training. The platform of Lin Lan painting and calligraphy education has cultivated many outstanding students, enthusiasts, teachers, and foreign students.  , Teacher Lin Lan’s original teaching method has won unanimous praise and recognition from all students. 

Women like to dress themselves up beautifully, such as hair design, beauty makeup, etc. Today I will share with you the historical women's clothing in Chinese paintings, oh!  I'm a little excited because it's so beautiful!

After the change of dynasties, China has left a rich spiritual civilization and material civilization to later generations. The clothing and clothing of the past dynasties have their own characteristics, and women's clothing has shined in each dynasty with its unique charm.

Qin Dynasty

Wearing a wide-sleeved shirt, a long skirt, and high-headed silk sandals, this is a more common style of women's clothing in the Qin and Han Dynasties.  In the pre-Qin period, people often referred to clothes as clothes and skirts, with clothes on the top and skirts on the bottom.

Women do not wear trousers and wear skirts. The most famous is the Liuxian skirt (that is, a skirt with crepe), and the collar of each layer of clothing must be exposed, and the layers can be more than 3 layers, which is called triple clothing.



Wei and Jin Dynasties

Women's clothing is mainly wide-bodied, and its characteristics are: the front, the waist, the sleeves are wide, and the cuffs, the front and the hem are decorated with different-colored fringes, and there is 

a striped inter-color skirt, and a silk belt around the waist.  tied.  At that time, women's lower skirts, in addition to the middle-color skirt, also had other skirt styles.

The main hairstyle for women is a high bun with a swirl of jewelry.  The bun is tall, and in addition to the hairpins in the general form, there is a popular branch for supporting wigs. The significance of load-bearing is greater than that of decoration.

At this time, the styles of women's clothing were mostly frugal, with tight-fitting body parts and fat cuffs; there were many folded skirts, 

the skirts were long on the ground, and the hem was loose, giving people a sense of handsome and unrestrained; plus rich jewelry, reflecting the  Luxurious style.

The most popular style of women's clothing in the Sui Dynasty was the long skirt with small sleeves and high waist, which was tied above the chest.  The hair style is flat and wider, such as wearing a hat, or making three cakes and clouds overlapping, and the forehead and temples are shaved.

Sui Dynasty

The most popular style of women's clothing in the Sui Dynasty was the long skirt with small sleeves and high waist, which was tied above the chest.  

The hair style is flat and wider, such as wearing a hat, or making three cakes and clouds overlapping, and the forehead and temples are shaved.

The basic dress of women's clothing in the Tang Dynasty was a three-piece suit: skirt, shirt, and robe.  Tang Dynasty clothing Ru skirt clothing refers to the traditional Han clothing that women in the Tang Dynasty wore short Ru or shirt, long skirt, silk, and half arms (that is, short sleeves).

During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the gospel of women in the fat world.  The shawl was the trendy clothing at the time, and it looked like only half of the shawl was worn.  In the Tang Dynasty, the daughter 

of the noble family wore a layer of soap gauze to cover herself from the beginning to the end, and people passed by and took pictures, attracting the eyes of countless wealthy children.



Song and Yuan Dynasties

Influenced by Cheng Zhu's philosophy in the Song Dynasty, women in this era took rational beauty as the criterion, which can be described as narrow, thin, long, and odd.  At this time, floor-length dresses are no longer popular. The length of the skirt is not as long as the floor, which can reveal your feet. 

Women's clothing in the Song Dynasty consisted of wearing a short-sleeved shirt on the top and a long skirt on the bottom, usually wearing a long shirt with a pair of fronts over the top. 

Most of them are straight-neck and placket-style, without straps or buttons, and the collar is overlapped and sewn on the outer edge of the neck.  All garments are cut with sleeves connected.  Some are limited to the width of the fabric, so seams and welts are used on the back or sleeves of the garment.

The Yuan Dynasty was ruled by the Mongols, so the clothing of the Yuan Dynasty was also special.  Mongolians often make small locks of hair on their foreheads.  Yuan Dynasty clothing, mainly robes.  

In the Yuan Dynasty, civilian women wore ru skirts of the Han nationality, and half-arms were also quite common.  The appearance of Han costumes often appears on the dance accompanists in the palace, and the narrow-sleeved shirts and hats of the Tang Dynasty are also preserved.



Ming Dynasty

In the Ming Dynasty, buttons began to appear on clothes, which were made of metal or jade, with complex carvings and round and simple small fresh styles.  The dress is similar to the Song and Yuan 

Dynasties, but the underwear has a small round neck and buttons on the neck.  The body is longer, decorated with gold and jade pendants, plus cloud shoulders, bijia (large vest) and so on. 

Women's clothing in the Ming Dynasty mainly included shirts, jackets, robes, backs, bijia and skirts.  Most of the basic styles of clothes are imitated from the Tang and Song Dynasties, and they are generally 

right-shaped, which restores the customs of the Han nationality.  Among them, Xiapi, Beizi, and Bijia are the opposite sides, with slits on the left and right sides.

The stand-up collar clothing that appeared in the Ming Dynasty first appeared in the middle of the Ming Dynasty, and was widely popular in the Central Plains and Jiangnan in the late Ming Dynasty. At that time, 

the Ming Dynasty was going through the Little Ice Age, which was rare for a thousand years. The climate was extremely cold, and the stand-up collar came into being. 



Qing Dynasty

The development of women's clothing in the Qing Dynasty was different between the Han and Manchu.  During the Kangxi and Yongzheng periods, Han women still retained the styles of the Ming Dynasty, with small sleeves and long skirts being fashionable; 

after Qianlong, the clothes became fatter and shorter, the cuffs became wider, and the shoulders were added, and the patterns were endless.  Go to skirts and trousers, lace on the clothes, rolling teeth, most of the expensive clothes are spent on this. 

Banner men's clothes or shorts are equipped with pipa plackets, large plackets and double plackets in several different forms.  Matching skirts or trousers are decorated with all-over printing, embroidery and pleats.  The lapel, collar and sleeves are decorated with inlays, rolling and embroidery.

Republic of China

In the 1920s, women in the Republic of China were popular to wear tops and skirts. The tops included shirts, jackets, and vests; styles included pairs of plackets, pipa plackets, straight plackets, large 

plackets, straight plackets, slanted plackets, etc.; collars, sleeves, plackets, hem, etc.  There are many knurled laces or embroidery decorations; the hem is square and round, and there are many changes in width, thinness and length.

Since the 1920s, some foreign students and women in the literary and art circles and intellectuals have been wearing dresses, and in the 1930s, more and more people wore dresses.  

The dress is characterized by a connected top and bottom skirt, with a waist or belt, which can show the slenderness of the waist.

The women's clothing in the Republic of China developed in the 1930s, and the cheongsam entered its heyday. The style of the cheongsam in this period, 

on the basis of tradition, extensively absorbed the characteristics of the suit, making it a combination of Chinese and Western clothing, and continued to innovate and change.

Due to the influence of the war, the styles of cheongsam in the 1940s tended to remove sleeves, shorten the length and reduce the collar height, and some later became collarless cheongsam.  And saves a lot of cumbersome decoration, making it more lightweight and fit.

The costumes of the dynasties and dynasties all reflect the aesthetic design tendencies and ideological connotations of the ancient Chinese.  However, the aesthetic design tendency and aesthetic awareness of a certain period are not generated out of thin air, but must be rooted in a specific era.

Clothing, as a cultural form, runs through the history of various periods in ancient China.  From Chinese paintings, we can see the historical changes, economic development and the evolution of Chinese cultural aesthetic consciousness.

Lin Lan teacher of Lin Lan Painting and Calligraphy Education has rich teaching experience and was selected as the best excellent calligraphy and painting instructor.

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