Take you through a thousand years of Chinese painting and discover its miracles together

Hello everyone, here is the blog of young Chinese calligraphy and painting teacher Lin Lan. Teacher Lin Lan is the pioneer of Chinese painting and calligraphy research, education and training. Lin Lan's calligraphy and painting education platform has cultivated many outstanding students, enthusiasts, teachers, and foreign students.  , Teacher Lin Lan’s original teaching method has won unanimous praise and recognition from all students.

It is the only Northern Song documentary from 900 years ago surviving today; 

It is an encyclopedia for modern people to understand the Northern Song Dynasty, and is regarded as a priceless treasure; 

It has a long life, "four in and five out" the palace; it hides the earth-shattering secret of the demise of the Northern Song Dynasty; 

It seldom shows up. It "sleeps for three years at a time", the original is not easily revealed, and it "sleeps" in the Forbidden City.


There are endless stories of real or fiction about the famous paintings of the ages-"A Picture of the River on the Qingming Festival";   The 14 epilogues and various seals on the painting record its displacement during the 900 years...   

Zhang Zeduan described more than 800 characters, more than 60 livestock, and more than 20 wooden boats in the five-meter-long "Surfing the River on the Qingming Festival"... The society and prosperity of Bianjing in the Northern Song Dynasty are vividly on paper.

Researchers have overlooked an important issue,   That is the 824 figures themselves in the painting.   Who is the last name of these people?  Why does it appear in this picture?   What are their backgrounds?  What were you doing at the time?   What kind of fate is there outside the painting?

There are 824 characters in the painting, each of them has a name and a surname, and they are resurrected in place.

The walls of Bianjing city facing the street have been demolished, and the closed city of feudal fortress style has become an open commercial city.   

According to records, there are more than 6,400 manual and commercial households in Bianjing, involving more than one hundred and dozens of industries.  

Among them, the most popular are restaurants, including the most upscale "Sun Yangzheng Store" and small and medium-sized restaurants. 

At the beginning of the lanterns, the flow of people is like weaving, and Bianjing at night is more charming and prosperous than during the day.  

 In fact, before the Song Dynasty, night markets were often banned.  After entering the Song Dynasty, Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin ordered "the night market in the capital to three drums has come, 

and it must not be banned." Bianjing became a city that never sleeps, and it is full of fireworks, the aroma of food, and the fun of crowds.

The Mystery of Life Experience in "A Picture of Shanghe on Qingming Festival"   

——Zhang Zeduan was instigated by Song Huizong to draw the "Shanghe Picture on Qingming Festival",   It is used to record the strange game that Song Huizong deployed in Bianliang City.   

The noisy Hongqiao, one lifted the sedan chair slowly across,   Cai Jing sat inside.

And the stars appearing all around the Hongqiao   Binglang, running errands, charcoal pickers, etc. are all eyeliner and meticulous work.   

They are either disguised by the killer of Kim Kuk, or undercover agents sent by Goryeo,   There are even desperadoes who colluded with senior officials in the Northern Song Dynasty...

What we need to be clear is that the "Surfing the River on Qingming Festival" is not a simple concept: the "Surfing the River on Qingming Festival" in a narrow sense refers specifically to the works created by Zhang Zeduan in the late Northern Song Dynasty that reflect the life of the city in Kaifeng,

the broad "Surfing the River on the Qingming Festival" refers to  There are a series of urban life works with different landscapes, times, regions and styles derived from the former enlightenment.

 As the "Surfing the River at Qingming Festival" is a Chinese social history and urban model that does not require translation, it can make it easier for foreigners to understand China directly, and has become a cultural symbol and historical city symbol in China.  

Therefore, when Western Sinologists teach, they often start with it to understand ancient China vividly.  In Japan, almost every college student knows the "Surfing the River at Qingming Festival".  

In January 2012, the "National Treasure Guanlan——The Palace Museum Cultural Relics Exhibition" of "The 40th Anniversary of the Normalization of Sino-Japanese Diplomatic Relations Exhibition" was held at the National Museum of Tokyo, Japan. 

Among them, Zhang Zeduan's "Surfing the River on Qingming Festival" was exhibited abroad for the first time  , Which greatly aroused the curiosity of Japanese visitors.  

It is reported that when the audience visited the original "Shangming River Picture on Qingming Festival", the waiting time was as long as 5 hours, and there were more than 100,000 visitors, which was an unprecedented grand occasion.  

After the originals were returned, the interest in appreciating the facsimiles remained undiminished, with a total of 250,000 visitors.

In "Surfing the River on Qingming Festival"   Hidden the eternal wonders under the Song Huizong cloth,   Wind and rain are coming in the peace, between the traffickers and the pawns,   

Ambush the big figures who determine the course of history,   A weird and heavy atmosphere filled up and down the Bianhe River.     

To interpret this extraordinary game, the "eye drawing" of the whole picture is the key to breaking the game. 

Not only that, the "Shang He Tu on Qingming Festival" is regarded as an ideal model for future cities overseas.  

The famous American urban historian Louis Mumford, in his book "History of Urban Development-Origin, Evolution, and Prospects", specifically cited "The Riverside Map on Qingming Festival" as an explanatory map of the ideal future city, 

and explained: "If  Life is victorious, and cities in the future will have (of course only a few cities have) the quality shown in this Chinese painting "A Picture of the River on the Qingming Festival": various landscapes, various occupations, and various  Cultural activities, 

the unique attributes of various characters-all these can be composed of infinite combinations, arrangements and changes. It is not a perfect honeycomb but a vibrant city. 

"This vibrant city is a representative of a harmonious city.  "A River on the Qingming Festival" is like a flower that never fades. 

The urban organization and landscape atmosphere of a thousand years ago are still the fascinating model of the future city. 

Its vitality is so powerful that Zhang Zeduan dare not imagine it, but it is also beyond the Chinese academic circles.  Unexpected.  

Under the squeeze of more and more high-rise spaces, and more and more impetuous, the picture seems to be a spiritual garden of Eden returning to nature.

Dramatic changes occurred in the Song Dynasty.  American historian Stavrianos pointed out: "It is worth noting that during the Song Dynasty, there was a commercial revolution of great significance to the entire Eurasian continent.... For the first time there was a commercial revolution in China, 

which was mainly based on commerce rather than administration.  A big city centered on management." "Harvard History of China" commented: "(Song Dynasty) Kaifeng is a new type of city that has never existed before. It shows an unprecedented urban layout and lifestyle." 

Just like Jonathan, a professor at Yale University in the United States.  Spence said in Newsweek on January 1, 2000: "The last Chinese century was the 11th century. 

At that time, China was the largest and most successful country in the world... At that time, the capital of the Song Dynasty was in Bianliang, Tokyo.  Now Kaifeng, Henan, with a population of one million, is the most advanced, most prosperous and most prosperous city in the world. 

"Kaifeng City is the beginning of the city's transformation from classical to modern, and it is also the first city in the history of the world to transform.  

The characteristic is that the urban structure has been improved from a market system to a market system, that is, from a closed to an open, with shops all over the city.  

Residents and businessmen can do business not only without space restrictions, but also without restrictions on time. 

This is the prevalence of night markets, and night markets in prosperous areas can even go all night long.  Prior to this, all emperors imposed curfews, and accordingly, night markets were banned.  

The vigorously developing night market not only shows that there is no need to worry about public security in the city, but also enables people to open up the nightlife, increase enjoyment, and greatly enrich the production and life of the city.  

This means that the entire city is an open market, a city that never sleeps full of vitality and confidence, and the first city that never sleeps in the history of the world.

The ship was going through the bridge hole,   But didn’t put down the mast and was about to hit it,The people on the ship hurriedly lowered the mast.   It seems to be negligent for a while, but in fact it is intentional.   

Because of this crisis, the bridgehead,   Hundreds of people on both sides of the strait gathered their eyes in one place.

The mast was lowering hurriedly on the ship,The shore is also yelling, on the shore, on the bridge,   Everyone rushed towards that ship, on both sides of the Bian River,   

Zhang Qilang, who runs a restaurant on the left bank,   Fang Jing and Lifu Liu Shitou, who opened a guest shop,   Lei Zhuniang, the maid serving dishes in the Wen's tea shop on the right bank,   

Lu Bangzi who guards the boat, Lao Yan who watches the tea shed,   They all seem to be led by the same rope, and when the rope is collected,   They all ran towards the center of Hongqiao. It's like going to a long-awaited big event.

A middle-aged fat man on Hongqiao   Looking at the river and shouting loudly,   He is the patrol officer of the left army of the Kaifeng Mansion, Gu Zhen, who is a local official.   

He didn’t know about this seemingly ordinary passenger ship,   Will be related to the life and death of Song Dynasty.   He will also be involved with Gu Zhen   A deep and sinister huge case.

A middle-aged man in gray is riding a donkey on the bridge,   He is the director of the Jingcheng Fish Company, and his name is Jiang Wei, known as "Jiang Yutou".   

He looked around, eagerly looking for someone,This person triggered the economic crisis in Bianjing.

At the south end of the bridge, a young born with a burden, named Niu Xiaowu,   About to go into the city to sell cheese and fish,   

But I don’t know that someone hid something in his basket,   This small object will move the great Song Dynasty.

At this time, the Northern Song Empire was already overcast with clouds. Jin and Liao were eagerly watching, and Fang La rebelled in the south. 

The Goryeo country, which had been surrendered for many years, was about to move. The forces of all parties gathered at each other. 

The army had gathered in various places.  In various places, the Daliao spy under the pseudonym Wei Qian 

has been ambushing in the teahouse for two years. The Xixia spy Li Sheng, who pretends to be a businessman, is waiting anxiously for news on another passenger ship, while the Goryeo emissary mingled in the crowd to plot a conspiracy.

At this moment, everyone has understood that once a major event under the Hongqiao occurs, the curtain of the Northern Song Empire's demise will begin...

The "Surfing the River on Qingming Festival" has just been completed. The army of the Kingdom of Jin has invaded Bianjing, killing people and burning the city.   

Before long, the 824 characters in the picture were separated from life and death. Some of them disappeared in the same day, some died in the later war, and some survived, but they were involuntarily involved in the turbulent historical waves.  .

"Surfing the River on Qingming Festival"   Known as the "Mona Lisa" of China,   Many of the details are worth savoring.   

World Chinese Weekly columnist: Lang Bo   Prosperity   Look at these photos first, I wonder if you can see what the problem is?

I will look at the picture to explain the meaning of the picture.



An open-door mansion under the shade of the willows, the layout of the house is exquisite, and a grand teacher's chair is placed in front of the writing screen. 

According to the door stalls, the owner is judged to be at least Grade 6 or higher.  In front of the house, a countryman carrying a sack and carrying a snack box was asking the gatekeeper for directions. 

Following the direction of the guide, he asked the passer-by to look at the more prosperous market outside the painting.



This is the medical shop of "Zhao Taicheng's house". The medical shop enters the hospital three times. Under the eaves are the architectural signs only for officials of Grade 6 or above. 

The shop owner is most likely a retired doctor who uses his waste heat. The shop is well furnished and has a counter.  There are fifteen-level abacus and copy bookshelf on it.  

The signboard on the left: "The imperial doctor produces pills for the gastrointestinal medicine"; the signboard on the right: "Treatment of the wounded by the wine is the real prescription fragrant pills", 

the treatment of gastrointestinal problems is also common, and the big pill caused by alcohol is a signboard or because of Kaifeng too many drunks.  

Two women in the shop are holding their children to see a doctor, and they want to come to the pediatric department and they are also operating in the drugstore.


There are as many as 200 animals in "A River on the Qingming Festival", but there are only more than 20 horses. Horses are more expensive and can only be ridden by people. They cannot carry carts like donkeys.


Pulling the rope and carrying the pole, the people who came to this square well were all nearby residents who came to draw water.  

Bianjing has abundant water resources but poor water quality. For this reason, many edible water wells have been built in the city. 

This square well that can be used by several people to draw water at the same time is one of them.


The old man with castanets in his hand, carrying a bamboo truss on his back, peddled along the street to solicit business.  The old man dressed up as a monk, and some people said he was a monk.



It means "fortune-telling".  The fortune-telling gentleman in the shed next to the store usually rests here.  

Probably because there were not so many questioners in the "solution" shop, the fortune-teller had to wait under the pergola outside the door.   

Outside the "Jie" shop, there are many people who come to the fortune-telling Confucian school, and they can predict their future by spending only 100 cents each.  

The end of March after the Ching Ming Dynasty is the day of the three-year entrance examination for scholars, and all the listeners are seeking the official career of the scientific examination.


Next to Fangjing is a shop selling paper horses with umbrellas, or a temporary stall for the Ching Ming Festival. The tables are full of various paper horses.


This shop is called "Liu's Colored Sandalwood Picking Incense". It is located in the busy city. It was popular with incense in the Song Dynasty. The sale of incense must be licensed by the government.  

In addition to wearing sachets like in TV shows, you can also wear them directly by punching holes in the spice cubes.  This incense shop sells agarwood, 

sandalwood, frankincense...According to the literature, scholars in the Song Dynasty respected agarwood and were regarded as the top incense, and the market price was a million dollars.

Opposite the long counter is a row of benches. Several customers are choosing brocade silk and satin. Most of the people who can come to this store are dignitaries.  

According to the open structure and the benches in front of the counter, the vertical plaque beside the store "Wang Jia Luo Jin Tubo Pu" contains the "Tuan" and "Pi". 

Some people say that it is called "Tubo Pu", which shows that it is a big business.  It is the main item of its transaction.


The vertical plaque of "Doctor Yang and Yang's Family Doctor" hangs high on the street. Some people call the shop "Yang Family Symptom". 

An adult man in front of the shop took a child into the clinic; it is said that there are four donkey sets in front of the shop.  

Sitting in the car was the patient who had just seen a doctor, but the donkey cart trailing behind him and the situation where the coachman was speeding up with his whip seemed to be unable to confirm this statement.


Two horse-drawn carriages galloped in. They didn't slow down when they turned the corner. The burdened passers-by hurriedly put down their burdens and drew aside. 

If this continues, it seems that danger will break out again.  It turns out that they are also soldiers of the Forbidden Army, and they are in the same group as the soldiers who patrolled the bow in the military shop next to the "Sun Jizhengdian". 

They drove the carriage through this intersection and turned left to carry the wine barrels there. The gluttons were already greedy.  All over.


In the upper left picture, the man with the shelf overhead in the picture, the rectangular wooden rack in his right hand is a portable folding cross-leg rack, 

the left and right legs of the long wooden rack are crossed, and the goods can be placed inside after unfolding.  

In the whole picture, there are hawkers carrying portable brackets everywhere.   

The picture on the upper right shows a white-clothed scribe on horseback. The servants are very powerful in front and back. 

The shabby literati and the book boy are approaching. The white-clothed scribe is about to greet him with his head sideways, so he hurries to avoid embarrassment with a fan.  


At this time, the conflict between the old and the new party had just ended, the new party gained power and the old party was demoted. 

This scene vividly demonstrated the complicated relationship between scholars and people in the Northern Song Dynasty.   

The lower left picture shows that during the Qingming Festival in the Northern Song Dynasty, the court gave officials a three-day holiday.  

One by one, they were lazy and wandering in the street, showing their own attitudes, and the attendants were full of joy.  

On this day, there are more monks on the street. According to Buddhist rules, at this time, they can go outside the temple for alms.



The old coachman drove the donkey cart slowly to the right. The cart was full of two wooden barrels for wine. 

This was a donkey cart specially used for transporting wine barrels by the folks. The wine barrels on the cart were called "tip barrels" at the time.   

In the second place, a large sunshade umbrella with a sign of "Xiang Yinzi" hung on it, and the vendors are busy recommending their home-brewed Yinzi varieties to customers.  

"Yinzi" was a "beverage" that was popular in the Northern Song Dynasty at that time. It is also a type of Chinese medicine decoction. 

It can prevent diseases and exercise, and can also clear heat and prevent heat. Those who need it can choose by themselves, and the variety is recommended by vendors.


The Didian with a vertical plaque "Jiuzhu Wangwaijia" is today's hotel. From "Jiuzhu", it can be seen that this is an old and reliable house.  

Through the window, a passenger can be seen resting on the second floor of Didian, who can occupy a room exclusively, with calligraphy and calligraphy hanging on the wall. 

Perhaps this is a scholar who came to Beijing to rush for the exam.   On the other side, this is a shop opened by the owner of the Li family name. 

The billboard says "Li's home is selling...". It must sell large items such as furniture, and the seller can deliver it to the door.


Relying on the Bianhe River, the waterway became the main transportation network at that time. The docks where passengers disembarked and unloaded at the ship station formed large and small piers, 

prompting groups of porters to become active, and they carried the burden of life on their shoulders.   If there is a porter, of course there will be a foreman in charge of management.  

In the picture, the foreman is issuing signatures to the porters, carrying a sack and issuing a signature instead of directly giving cash.  

This reflects the production relations in the Northern Song Dynasty, and this method of piece-rate payment has been retained until the Shanghai and Tianjin piers during the Republic of China.



At the gate of the city, you can see the tax office at that time. At the gate, four people brought a batch of hemp bags filled with textiles, and a consignor entered the house to report taxes to the tax officer.  

It is worth noting that the "scale" also appears in the painting. This platform scale shows that the commodity economy of the Northern Song Dynasty was highly developed.  

If you look closely, you can find that the tax is not cash transactions but bills, which reflects the financial management level of the Northern Song Dynasty.


The "lazy economy" appeared as early as the Song Dynasty.  Look at the "Takeaway Brother" in the painting, carrying a portable wine warming stove, 

holding a charcoal clip in his right hand, and looking around on the way to the delivery.  I wonder if the delivery delay will give a bad review at that time?


The so-called people take food as their heaven, "eating" is always the most important thing.  An overview of the whole picture, a considerable part of the buildings on both sides of the Bianhe River and along the street are restaurants.  

Someone has counted that among the more than 100 buildings painted in the "Surfing the River on Qingming Festival", 45 are catering shops.   

900 years ago, there were not only low-end "roadside stalls" opened with a few tables, chairs and benches, but also high-end restaurants with two or three floors.   

Climbing up to eat, the scenery is superb. This is a high-end restaurant 900 years ago. In the attic private room, several elegant people are pushing cups and changing tables. 

The lush green pines under the window can not only enjoy the elegant scenery, but also have a feast.   Corresponding target customers are also different. 

Richly dressed people book private rooms in restaurants, ordinary people eat at roadside stalls, and the shy ones can only stand in front of the restaurant and drool.


It doesn’t matter if you are too shy and dare not enter, after a few miles east of Hongqiao, there is a newly opened roadside food stall (Figure 7). 

The consumption here must be much lower than that of the loft restaurant.  This is a wharf. A lot of coolie workers carrying cargo are moving on the wharf. 

The food stall has set up a big Pengzi, and also set up a long rod of colored satin to show that this is a new store just opened. 

I believe that many workers will be there when they are busy.  It must be delicious to order some side dishes to fill your stomach in this shed.   



It can be seen that the people of the Northern Song Dynasty also paid great attention to appearance and personal hygiene.



In the picture, a porter bought a biscuits for lunch.At that time, the people of the Northern Song Dynasty worked hard to live a better life, and were diligent and thrifty.


When you see this, you may have a question: What is a "foot shop"?  Let me give you an example and explain it to you: when you are out for a long journey, there is a place where you can park, drink coffee, and take a break.

Light candles in the evening to attract guests.  You see, people in the Song Dynasty started to use light boxes.  It says "Milo" beside it, is it a bit familiar?   A customer enters the shop to have a drink, tie the tall horse outside, and see the match on the horse, he must be a rich owner.  

It shows that the specifications of this shop are not low.  Next to Ma, there is a small two who took a rice bowl to the next door to deliver food. The store provides delivery service.

So what does “ten thousand” mean?Actually refers to wine, this is the pub.What do the three footmen buy in front of a "drink"?  I am buying water, but not ordinary plain water.

The sign of this foot shop is erected. I am afraid this is the first sign in the world to stand directly on the side, which can attract guests from afar.  Much like the signboard of modern society.



Among the drinks sold are "Sugar Bingxue Lengyuanzi, Raw Flooded Papaya, Medicated Papaya, Granulated Mung Bean and Licorice Ice and Snow Cold Water", etc., which generally contain two or three Chinese medicines, 

which are not only delicious, but also have health benefits.This shop sells "Xiang Yinzi".  The beverage does not add flavor, but musk.

Musk has a special aroma, slightly bitter, and can be made into spices.  This is a stimulant for the nerve center, and it can also relieve pain. You can think about the fragrance of this tea. 

You can get excited after drinking it.  Even if people want to drink now, they can't drink it anymore.  Because the natural musk is almost gone.



This scene is the most interesting. A couple is buying flowers, and the woman carries her hand on the shoulder of her lover.  

The few bearers who came over all looked at "beauties" at the same time, and they even went off the track, and the beauties smiled triumphantly.  There is a sense of life in modern society.



What is this store for?Another question, let's zoom in and take a closer look.

"Sun Yangzhengdian" is hung with a red gardenia lamp."Ducheng Jisheng" records: "It is said that if there are prostitutes, you can have fun, and you can lie in bed in the wine pavilion. 

The red gardenia lamp at the front of the door is not covered with rain or shine, and it must be covered with a bamboo, thinking that it is recognized."   In Song Dynasty hotels, red gardenia lamps were usually hung at the door.  

If the red gardenia lamp cover is covered with the lampshade all day long, it means that this hotel also provides "special" services. 


 This detail shows a scene of officials traveling.  When the Ching Ming Festival is here, the scholar-officials will go out of the city.  The first five clear the way, two lead horses, and the back two pick things.

Note: This person is riding a horse!  There are not many horses in the whole picture, mostly donkeys and cows.  This "horse" is equivalent to the current famous car "BMW".


There are three beggars at the city gate, and there is a child on the ground.  Look at the wealthy people going out on a spring trip passing by, showing no mercy at all.

The rich can only ride on donkeys and take two servants, which is a stark gap with officials.



This thin porter can only rest in the shade of the tree in frustration. There is a teahouse next to him. Why didn't he go in? No need to explain.

Behind him is a fortune-telling booth.  This detail is very meaningful.   A donkey bowed its head desperately pulling the cart, and the two people behind were also very strenuous. 

It shows that the problem of inequality between the rich and the poor was already very serious.


This is the tax office next to the city gate.  Commodities that go in and out are taxed, and a person is very dissatisfied and shouts to the tax collector, as if he thinks the tax is too high.



This pavilion is the "Wanghuolou", upstairs there is someone dedicated to check the fire, and the downstairs is the barracks.  But now, there is no one upstairs, and the barracks have been turned into a teahouse. 

Bianjing was the largest city in the world at the beginning of the 12th century, with a population of over one million. The houses are mostly bricks and woods. Bianjing attaches great importance to fire prevention. 

Every neighborhood has a Wanghuo building to observe fire alarms.  Stationed downstairs "submerged firemen".   In the picture, it is in name only.


This is the barracks.  A few soldiers sat there idly, bored, some dozed, and the soldier on the far left was actually lying down and sleeping.  The horses in the yard lay down when they were full.

The picture shows that the Song Dynasty at that time was a peaceful and peaceful state, and people were enjoying a good life.



In the entire Bianliang Gate Tower, there is not a single soldier on duty at the gate, only tax collectors.

At this time, it was the time of Song Huizong, and it was not far from the demise of the Northern Song Dynasty.  Perhaps we can see why.



The center of the entire site is the intersection of the river and the bridge.  What happened on and under the bridge?

On the bridge, the military attaché on horseback and the civil servant sitting on the sedan chair met and refused to yield to each other.  The servants quarreled.  Highlight contradictions in officialdom.

There is no "urban management" or "traffic police" in the traffic chaos. They are taking a nap.  The disorder and weakening of social management can be seen.

Under the bridge, there is a thrilling scene of a ship about to hit the bridge.

The man on the bow became nervous.  The boatman in the middle of the boat put on the mast anxiously, and a boatman put a bamboo pole against the bridge to avoid collision.  People on the river bridge on the bank were watching the excitement.

Therefore, the theme of the whole painting is two key words: contradiction and crisis.

There are many boats on the river, and the channel is crowded, like land traffic chaos.  

The two civilian ships were about to collide, and a boatman hurriedly used a bamboo pole against the other hull to avoid the collision.

The nervous expression and movements of the people in the painting are very vivid.

In the outskirts, some private boats were parked on the shore, and some people carried food from the boats into restaurants and shops by the river.

The rich began to collect grain, seized the urban grain market, and manipulated grain prices.  We have also understood why the price of food increased more than ten times during the Huizong Period of the Song Dynasty.   This is a huge tumor for the agricultural society, but the government is weak and inaction.

When a long line of officials came back from Tachun, the horse in front was startled and ran directly to the market. The three horsemen in the back hurriedly chased the horse.

It's a pity that the picture faded and damaged, and only the second half of that batch of horses remained.

The people in the market turned to look at the shocked horse, and the donkey jumped up nervously.

An old lady hurried to pull her grandson by the side of the road, for fear that the child would be trampled on by a horse.  The danger freezes right now.

The official horse is shocked, and the people are in danger.  In this way, the plot is placed at the beginning of the whole picture, and the implied meaning of social contradictions at that time becomes the main theme.



The rich drank and emptied, and the common people watched the fish on the bridge.  

The people on the left in the red frame in the front are leaning on the railing of the bridge, boring and lively.  

The three scholars in white clothes in the red frame behind wanted to stop watching the fish on the bridge. 

They were entangled by the little beggar. There was an annoyance. They turned around and gave a little money to get out. 

On the far right of the screen, they hugged.  I want money to live on my thigh.  

It seems that on the bridge, begging for money on the overpass has been there since ancient times.


At the grain ship wharf, in the red circle above, a supervisor handed out bamboo sticks to the porter coolie carrying a large bag.  

This is the counting method that has been handed down since ancient times.  The more you carry, the more bamboo sticks, and the more wages you pay every day.  

This one in the red circle below, doesn’t work, doesn’t talk about it, and climbs that hooks and sells cuteness.



The two in the red circle on the left.   "Long time no see, go, drink two cups?!"   "Walk..."   In the red circle on the right, it is probably an old literary and artistic youth who has obviously gone through three rounds of drinking, and is a little melancholy.



Psychological activity: Why are you fucking again? It's annoying...   The man in deep clothes with the book boy saw someone who was unwilling to say hello, and quickly walked by using the popular "convenience noodles" in the Song Dynasty to block their faces.


This should be the most common dock for small cargo ships in the Song Dynasty.  In front of the pier is an extended "food" street?  !  

From the next two boxes, you can see the faces of these shops. The interiors are not tall, that is, Shaxian snacks, Sichuan delicacies, braised fire, yellow braised chicken and rice.  

The main dish is delicious and big.  Before the formal meal, there were no people on the food court or in the shop.   It can be seen in the front frame that there are porters on the pier transporting goods.  

In the box on the right, a footman is shirtless, playing with clothes around his waist.  It seems to have just finished carrying the goods, or maybe not carrying the goods yet in preparation.



Those who came to the city to seek refuge with relatives and friends, carrying a baggage and a snack box, asked the janitor of a big family for directions.  

The passer-by looked up and looked at the courtyard gate of the big family, and he probably admired him in his heart.  Does this person's back look like the poor boy who has just entered the city in the current TV series?  !



Lao Sun fought his life inside to cut the meat with a knife, and there seemed to be blood on the knife.  The storytelling started outside the butcher shop.   

People who listen to the book have different postures.  These two in the left frame, with shoulders and backs, are very enchanting postures.  

A child next to the white-robed man's legs tried to push away from the crowd and infiltrate.   In the right frame, a father drags his son to buy food.  

The other father behind the father and son simply carried the child on his shoulders.  Next to the child on his shoulders, another pair of friends also hooked their backs...


This teahouse is like a place to drink coffee and red wine.In the picture, a friend savors the natural aroma of tea and happily chats about the fun of life among friends.


The two brothers have short parents.  The trowel face on the right seems to be blaming his son and his wife: "How long has it been, and I won't come to see my parents." 

The listener on the left was absent, and tried to say goodbye several times.  Hug, the posture and expression are so vivid.



The following small details vividly reflect the real life of the boaters outside the city, and Lazarus is basically on board.

Look from the top down.  In the red circle at the top, the family is happily wearing it.   In the red circle in the middle, there are simple meals on the small table, indicating that the meals are also here.   

At the bottom of the red circle, a mother and child opened the window and looked out to the water. Below is the flowing water.  

The larger the boat, the more functional, and the quality of life of the people on the boat is obviously better.


This old man is estimated to be older and sleep a lot. He is not afraid of catching a cold. He fell asleep on the bow of the ship?  !  But the posture is cute, like my cat, hehe.


On the boat here, a good-looking man from the Song Dynasty is making a fire and cooking. Do you see the red light in the fire?  Do you smell the rice?


During the Qingming Festival, someone set up a temporary small sacrificial platform on the ship.  The boat is small and fully functional.



This boat is relatively crude, so life can only be made do with it.  The woman on the boat had just washed her clothes and dumped the dirty water into the river. 

The washed clothes were put on the canopy to dry.  "Surfing the River at Qingming Festival" really restores the life of draught by water.


This is an interception of a detail on the bridge when the big ship at the bridgehead is in distress.  Especially vivid.  In the red circle are:   

Take the kids to watch the excitement: the red frame is at the top, and a man is about to pick up a child with red pants.  The expression is very happy.   

It’s not too big to watch the excitement: holding the child and continuing down, there are also people who occupy the place to watch the excitement, but care about him.  The two blue and white clothes in the red circle molested the donkey, or guess the goods on the donkey. The white clothes put their hands on the shoulders of the man in the gray clothes, so natural.  You can see the exquisite portrayal of the characters' faces in this painting. 

They are in blue and white clothes: the bearded man with a square face and Liang Jiahui with a brick knife face.   

Uncle Chaoyang: The gray clothes on the right side of the white clothes, Emma, ​​does the uncle Chaoyang really regard yourself as the commander-in-chief? A few hundred meters away, he roars to the sky, directing the big boat in the river, look at that mouth open, frowning  Yes, my arms stretched out, really anxious.   

Good brothers across classes: the gray clothes and the two on the right, the white clothes put their hands on a man in a small shirt.  In terms of clothing, the white clothing seems to belong to the middle class of the literati, and the dress next to him is obviously a proletarian hard work.  Ah, praise this spontaneous hook and back, this great friendship across classes.


Screenshots of the shop scenes on the street at that time, it was really lively.

The red circle from top to bottom is:

Small gourmet owner: The one who makes pancakes?  !  There are biscuits in the basket.  Next to the cake shop, there was a donkey holding a small whip in his arms. He drove slowly, as if he could hear the footsteps of the donkey.  Zhang Zeduan is really good at portraying posture and posture.  The old man's observation of life is sufficient.

Cultural industry operators: The street stalls and the onlookers seem to be literati in terms of dress, so they must be related to cultural industries.  Are you selling calligraphy and painting?  

The book seller?  !  Looking at his right hand, he stretched out naturally, and said, "When I have used it, Fang knows the truth, and when I've been drunk, I know the wine is strong. 

The lady boss is not at home, and the boss has the final say today..." Really, just set up stalls everywhere.  , Is there no urban management to take care of it?  !   Among the onlookers, there was a beard and two hooked shoulders. 

One of them looked affectionately at his "good friend" without looking at the stall. I felt that something was going on.

Carpenter, craftsman: Continue down the red circle is a carpenter who repairs a big car.  One of them swung a sledgehammer, and the other was planing wood. The tools on the ground were scattered, and there seemed to be chisels.  It can be seen that the craftsmen at that time were already very good.

Little Food Owner 2: It seems that the next step is also a pie?


Look at the details of this small museum.    The store in the red circle above was soliciting customers, naturally stretched out their hands, and said, "Guest officer, please..."   

The following few do not seem to be very wealthy, because the shop specifications are average, they use long benches, and they only order tea?  !  It seems that he doesn't wait for production, and sits idly here, gossiping about right and wrong for some time.  

Is the posture in the middle in ecstasy? With one leg on the bench, his left hand stretches out naturally, and his right elbow is on the table, 

saying: "Look, see, what am I talking about, I thought he was not a good person at the beginning, Zhao Si  I don't believe it..." A few people next to him lie on the table and nod their heads frequently.

On the surface, it is prosperous and prosperous, but in reality it is full of crises and failures have already appeared.  This is the real scene in the late Northern Song Dynasty.

Write Chinese characters and draw Chinese paintings. Welcome to Lin Lan's calligraphy and painting education!

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