Chinese calligraphy and the 10 most beautiful and famous towers, enjoy the collection immediately, and leave no regrets in this life!Share it with your family and friends!

Hello everyone, here is the blog of young Chinese calligraphy and painting teacher Lin Lan. Teacher Lin Lan is the pioneer of Chinese painting and calligraphy research, education and training. The platform of Lin Lan painting and calligraphy education has cultivated many outstanding students, enthusiasts, teachers, and foreign students.  , Teacher Lin Lan’s original teaching method has won unanimous praise and recognition from all students. 

In the world, there is a kind of beauty that you can never touch. Life is short, there is a lot of knowledge you can't learn, there are many things you can't do, but when you see this, let this life not leave regrets, let's go!  Learn Chinese calligraphy and painting from teacher Lin Lan!

And Teacher Lin Lan wants to share with you the ultimate beauty of Chinese calligraphy in the top 10 famous buildings! 

However, in this beautiful and mysterious tower, each has an ancient Chinese calligraphy poem of extraordinary significance. Teacher Lin Lan will present the 10 most beautiful towers in China that will be unforgettable for everyone.

1.Yellow Crane Tower


The seven rules of the poet Cui Hao in the Tang Dynasty made the Yellow Crane Tower famous. Since then, the Yellow Crane Tower has become the most famous pavilion in China.

First of all, I think many people don't know the meaning of this poem, it doesn't matter, Teacher Lin Lan will explain this ancient calligraphy poem for you!

"Yellow Crane Tower" is a seven-character poem written by Cui Hao, a poet in the Tang Dynasty.  Yellow Crane Tower: An ancient famous building, built in the second year of Wu Huangwu in the Three Kingdoms.  

The old site is on Huangheji, Wuchang, Hubei, overlooking the river and facing Guishan on the other side of the river.  Legend has it that the fairy son passed by here by the Yellow Crane (see "Qi Xie Zhi").  

The building has been destroyed and built repeatedly in the past dynasties. It was burnt down for the last time in 1884 and rebuilt on the west slope of Gaoguan Mountain in Snake Mountain in 1985.

Yellow Crane Tower Ancient poem explanation:

The immortals of the past have flew away on the yellow crane, leaving only an empty yellow crane tower here.

Huang He went and never returned here. For thousands of years, only white clouds were floating.

The clear sun is shining on the surface of the river, and the trees in Hanyang are clearly counted.  There are lush vegetation on Parrot Island.

As the sun approaches dusk, (looking into the distance) where is the hometown?  (I saw it in front of me) A cloud of mist enveloped the river and brought deep sadness to people.

This is an ancient nostalgic work, a treasure that has been respected in the past.  Legend has it that Li Bai climbed this building and saw this poem. 

He was greatly impressed and said, "There is no scenery in front of you, but Cui Hao's poem is on the top."  

Yan Canglang also said that the seven-character rhyme of the Tang Dynasty should be the first.

On the whole picture shown in the poem, there are the close-up, distant, day, and evening scenes of the Yellow Crane Tower alternately appearing. The changes are wonderful and the weather is magnificent.

Even the poet Li Bai admires the legend that there are immortals riding the crane to the west, and it has achieved the status of the Yellow Crane Tower.

The Yellow Crane Tower is located in the Snake Mountain of Wuhan City.

"Yellow Crane Tower" in Chinese Painting

It is said that up to now, the cost of building the Yellow Crane Tower has reached a staggering 980 million.

In order to protect the Yellow Crane Tower, the country first established it as a 5A-level scenic spot.

The Yellow Crane Tower has five floors, 50.4 meters high, which is equivalent to a 16-story building.

The Shengxiang Pagoda and Beilang Mountain Gate are also built around the main building.

Stele gallery

Literati and ink guests of the past dynasties have left many eternal sings here, making the Yellow Crane Tower famous since ancient times.

Mountain gate

The 60 angled horns stretched in the air, like a yellow crane soaring.  The roof of the building is covered with more than 100,000 yellow glazed tiles.  

Against the backdrop of the colorful clouds of the setting sun, the Yellow Crane Tower is colorful and majestic.

However, at different times, the "Yellow Crane Tower" has a different and charming beauty! Oh, see, the brilliantly lit "Yellow Crane Tower" at night is particularly beautiful and magnificent against the super big moon!

Collection of Yunnan Provincial Museum, China


2.Yueyang Tower

Yueyang Tower is located on the west gate of the ancient city of Yueyang City, Hunan Province. The main building is 19.42 meters high, 14.54 meters deep and 17.42 meters wide. 

It is a three-story, four-pillar, cornice, helmet top, and pure wood structure.  The four nanmu gold pillars in the building run straight through the roof, and the surrounding surrounds are mortise and tenoned with each other with corridors, arches, rafters, and purlins to form a whole.  

Its unique helmet top structure reflects the wisdom and wisdom of the working people of the ancient Han nationality and the ingenious design skills of skilled craftsmen.

Because the Yueyang Tower overlooks the Dongting, and looks at Junshan in front, it has been known as "the world under the water in Dongting, the world under the Yueyang" since ancient times.  

Fan Zhongyan's well-known "The Story of Yueyang Tower" in the Northern Song Dynasty made Yueyang Tower even more famous in the world.

Yueyang Tower Ancient poem explanation:

In the spring of the fourth year of Qingli, Teng Zijing was demoted and transferred to Baling County guard.  

A year later, political affairs were tuned, people’s hearts were harmonious, and everything that should be done was started; 

therefore, the Yueyang Tower was rebuilt, the scale of the past was expanded, the poems of the famous Tang Dynasty and modern people chanting Dongting were inscribed, and I was asked to write an article.  ,As a souvenir.

In my opinion, the great victory of Baling’s scenery lies mainly in the lake of Dongting: the distant mountains are floating, 

the water of the Yangtze River is swallowed, the vast rushing, the boundless shore, the bright morning glow, the confused evening fog  , 

I don’t know how many changes and scenery in a day--this is the magnificent and magnificent Yueyang Tower, and the predecessors’ descriptions are sufficient.

But this lake, going north to Wuxia, and China Southern Airlines going to Xiaoxiang, frustrated officials, kind poets, many of the feelings of meeting here and watching the scenery should be a little different, right?

Just imagine, if it is raining and falling, the sorrowful wind will shake the ground continuously for months, the turbid waves will lift the sky, the brilliance of the sun, moon and stars is hidden, 

the mountains have disappeared in the long fog barrier, and business travelers who have not set off dare not leave.  , The ship that has set off, the oars are broken, the masts are dumped, and the dusk is gloomy, 

a tiger roaring and ape screaming-at this time to board this building, of course, there will be nostalgic feelings, sadness, slander, fear  Picky, full of miserable eyes, plunged into deep sorrow!

Look again, if the spring is warm and sunny, the waves are calm, the sky on the clouds reflects the sky in the lake, the clear lake is out of sight, sand gulls fly in groups on the surface, 

and rotten silver fish swim in the water.  There are vanilla on the shore, orchids on the head of the continent, a piece of fragrant, a piece of green; or, the long smoke sweeps across the sky, 

watching the bright moon flow thousands of miles, the golden floating on the water, and the white and bright lying quietly to the bottom of the lake, the singing of the fishing boat,  Sing this harmony, this happiness, 

Who can afford to bear it-at this time to climb this building, of course, will be refreshed, forgetting all the gains and losses and right and wrong, holding a cup, facing the wind, indulged in happiness!

Uh, no!  I have explored the minds of ancient benevolents. It seems that they are not very similar to these two attitudes. Why?  They are not happy because of their external circumstances or sorrow for their own destiny. 

In a high position in the government, they are worried about the people, hidden in the countryside and far away, and worried about the government. In this way, is it not advancing or retreating or retreating?  

When will I be happy?  I think that must be "worry before the worries of the world, and be happy after the happiness of the world"!  Ah!  If it weren't for this kind of person, who could I find my place better?

Yueyang Tower was the military reading building of Dongwu General Lu Su during the Three Kingdoms Period.

In the Western Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties, it was called Yueyang Tower after Tang Li Bai wrote poems in the Baling Tower.

Let's enjoy the "Yueyang Tower" in ancient Chinese paintings.

Collection of Freer Art Museum, USA

Yueyang Tower is located in present-day Hunan Province. According to legend, it was the earliest military parade where the famous Soochow general Lu Su trained navy during the Three Kingdoms period. Known as the "Three Famous Buildings" in ancient my country.

Collection of the Forbidden City of China

This fine line drawing can be described as "thin as a mosquito eyelash, not a ghost."  This kind of purely ink-brush and line-drawing technique of building buildings has become so popular after the Yuan Dynasty that Li Zuoxian of the Qing Dynasty mistakenly believed that the picture was made by the Song Dynasty. 

Collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, USA




3.Tengwang Pavilion

The Tengwang Pavilion was built in the fourth year of Tang Yonghui when Li Yuanying, the son of Li Yuan, the emperor of the Tang Dynasty, was appointed as the governor of Hongzhou. Because Li Yuanying was named the Tengwang, he was named Tengwang Pavilion.

Tengwang Pavilion is 57.5 meters taller than the Yellow Crane Tower and is a national 4A-level scenic spot.

One of the three famous buildings in the south of the Yangtze River is well-known to future generations due to the "Preface to the Pavilion of King Teng".

The legend about Wang Bo's writing of "The Preface to the Pavilion of King Teng" at the banquet is not without fiction and exaggeration.  

Tengwang Pavilion Ancient poem explanation:

This is the Yuzhang county city in the Han Dynasty, and now it is the Dudu's Mansion of Hongzhou. The position in the sky belongs to the wing, and the position on the ground is the division of the two stars. The position on the ground connects Mount Heng and Mount Lu.  

With Sanjiang as the skirt and Wuhu as the belt, it controls Chu and connects Minyue.  The essence of the species is the treasure of heaven, and the light of the sword rushes into the area between the bull and the two stars.  

There are heroes among the people. Because of the aura of the earth, Chen Fan set up a few lodgings for Xu Ru.  In the majestic Hongzhou City, houses are lined up like fog, and handsome talents are active like stars.  

The city is located at the crucial point of the border between Yi and Xia. The host and guests gather the handsome talents in the southeast.  

The governor Yan Gong, who enjoys a lofty reputation, came to Hongzhou to sit in the town, and Yuwen Zhou is a model of virtue. He stayed here on the way to his post.  It’s the ten-day vacation day, with outstanding friends gathered, noble

But Wang Bo wrote this masterpiece that has been passed down through the ages, but it is a true fact.  It is an important work for us to understand the author's political ambitions and lack of talent in the article.  


 "Tengwang Pavilion Preface" in Ancient Chinese Painting

"When you are old, you will grow stronger, and you will prefer to move the heart of the white head; poor and strong, not falling into the blue cloud", this positive attitude towards life is exciting to read; 

"The fishing boat sings late, ringing the poor Pengli shore; the geese are frightened, and the sound  "Broken Hengyang Pu" is a well-known phrase that is full of fragrance after reading.  

Its gorgeous words, unrestrained momentum, ups and downs rhythm, and graceful and luxurious style are indeed breathtaking.

 Collection of Freer Art Museum, USA

4.Crane Tower

The Crane Tower is located on the bank of the Yellow River in the outskirts of Puzhou City, Yongji City, Shanxi Province.  

There are six floors in the main building, of which the third floor is bright and the third is dark. 

In addition to the holding mansion, the pillars, and the corridor, there are also two staircases and two passenger elevators connecting up and down.  

Teacher Lin Lan explained the meaning of this ancient poem for everyone.

“eng Guanquelou” explained:

The sun is gradually setting next to the mountains,

The Yellow River flows eastward toward the sea. 

If you want to see endless beautiful scenery,

It should be another floor.

(Comparatively, if you want to achieve greater success, you have to put in more effort).

There is a patio in the middle of the first and second floors, a corridor on each of the fourth and sixth floors, and a stage on the sixth floor.

"Stork Tower" in Chinese Painting

Overlooking the Guanque Tower, the scenery is beautiful and majestic. During the Tang and Song Dynasties, literati and scholars often wrote poems for it.

Let's get to know the author of this poem,Wang Zhihuan (688~742), Tang Dynasty poet.  The word Jiling, born in Jinyang (now Taiyuan, Shanxi), moved from Bingzhou to Jiangzhou (now Xinjiang County, 

Shanxi) in the early years.  He used to be the chief book of Hengshui, Jizhou, and later returned to his hometown due to slander.  15 years later, he became Wen'an County Lieutenant and died during his tenure.

Scenery poems are inherited very naturally and very closely, which pushes the poems to a higher level and shows readers a greater vision.  

It is precisely because these two sentences contain simple and philosophical arguments that they have become famous sentences that have been passed down through the ages.

5.Penglai Pavilion

Penglai Pavilion is located at the top of Danya Mountain, one kilometer north of Penglai City, Yantai City, Shandong Province.  

Sitting in the north and south, it is a double-layered wooden structure. The pavilion is surrounded by a bright corridor, 

which can be used for visitors to climb and overlook. It is the best place to watch the strange landscape of the "mirage".

The Immortal Bridge, located in Lord Penglai, has a beautiful structure and a peculiar shape. It is said to be the place where the "Eight Immortals" cross the sea.  

Your Excellency faces the sea, the buildings are volley in the sky, and the sea mist lingers in the four seasons. It is known as the "Wonderland".

The pavilion is a group of ancient Chinese buildings and a national 5A-level scenic spot. This is a beautiful natural scenery, 

and the legend of the Eight Immortals crossing the sea adds a little mysterious and cultural atmosphere to it.

In addition, Penglai Pavilion is very attractive as well as the wonder of the mirage.  According to legend, Liu Che, the first emperor of the Han Dynasty, 

also wanted to live forever, and sent eight groups of people to Penglai Xianshan to seek immortal medicine.  

Some scholars in later generations believed that the so-called Penglai Fairy Mountain was actually a mirage of nature.  

Penglai is located on the seashore and is prone to mirages. The ancients lacked scientific knowledge and mistakenly thought it was a fairy mountain.  

Overlooking the Penglai Pavilion Deng Pavilion, in the clouds and fog, you can vaguely see the fairyland-like pavilion city.  

Of course, if you want to see the mirage, you still have to rely on the gods to make it beautiful, and the chance of seeing it is very small.

There are more than 200 stone inscriptions from Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties in Penglai Pavilion. 

Many of the inscriptions and stone carvings left a deep impression on tourists and citizens.  But did you know that there is a "Eaves Poem" hidden in the courtyard of the Penglai Pavilion Tianhou Palace.  

It is located on the head bricks of the east and west wing rooms. It has been eroded by wind and rain for a long time, and the handwriting has been blurred. 

It is difficult for visitors to find it, but if you observe it carefully, you can still distinguish its mark.

This is the Penglai Pavilion, with green bricks and green tiles, and a long old road, quietly waiting for your arrival.

6.DaGuan Tower

Located in Kunming, Yunnan, near Huapu, Daguanlou is a triple-eave, glazed, and angled wooden structure.  It is named because it faces the Dianchi Lake, looks at the west mountains from afar, and enjoys the scenery of the lakes and mountains.  

Sun Ranweng's shocking 180-character long couplet came out, making Daguanlou one of the "famous buildings in China".

For more information about Daguan Tower, please click this blog post. 

“A calligraphy work makes this the focus of world attention”

7.Yuejiang Tower

Yuejiang Tower is located on the top of Lion Rock in the northwest of Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province, on the edge of the Yangtze River.  

There are more than 30 historical relics in the scenic area, such as Yuejiang Tower, Wanxian Pavilion, Ancient Fort, Sun Yat-sen Yuejiang, Five Army Tunnel, and ancient city wall.

The building is 52 meters high and has 7 floors (the exterior is 4 and 3 are dark). Biwa Zhuying, Zhulian Fengfei, 

and Tongfei Caiying, with a distinctive Ming Dynasty style and classical royal style, have become one of the symbols of Nanjing.

There are many literati and mosques writing for the pavilion, but the emperor is very few. Ming Taizu Zhu Yuanzhang once personally wrote the "Yuejiang Tower" for the Yuejiang Tower in Nanjing.

Explanation of this ancient poem:

Ascending to the top floor of "Yuejiang Tower", looking far away,

thousands of dreamy and charming scenery are arranged one after another,

and I feel that the secrets of the earth for thousands of years seem to be revealed at this moment.

The Yuejiang Tower Scenic Area has set a record of five highest in the country:

1. Stone lions: This is currently the largest pair of male lions in China. It is 4.8 meters high and weighs about 30 tons. It is carved from a single piece of Suzhou Jinshan stone.

2. White marble stele: "Yuejiang Tower" written by Zhu Yuanzhang, copied by contemporary calligraphers, on the back of the stele is "Yuejiang Tower" written by Song Lian, which was selected as "Guwen Zhizhi".

3. Yuejiang Louding Ding: It is the largest imitation Western Zhou Dynasty Simuwu Ding in the country, weighing 4 tons, and engraved on the Ding with seal characters: 

"Lion dreams come to see Zhang, the descendants of arrogant descendants use Yanhuang, mountains are the backbone, and you can see the Yangtze River for eternity. 

Jiang went to the sea and the soup, the Lou Paiyun and generous, Ding Yong cast the dignity." The first word of each sentence of these seven sentences is linked together, which means "Lion Mountain Yuejiang Louding."    

4. Zheng He's Western Porcelain Painting: This is the largest porcelain painting in China, with a height of 12.8 meters and a width of 8 meters.  Behind the mural are works by Tang Bohu and Zhu Zhishan.    

5. Bronze relief: It is the largest bronze relief in the country, with a height of 2 meters and a width of 8 meters. It was made by the sculptor Wu Weishan.

8.Tianxin Pavilion

Tianxin Pavilion is the symbol of the ancient city of Changsha. It was built by Fujun Yang Xi in the 11th year of Qianlong (1746).  The name of the pavilion is quoted from "Shangshu", which means "Salty has one virtue, overcomes heaven's heart".    


The total construction area of ​​the attic is 864 square meters, the wall height is 17.5 meters, and the terrain is more than 60 meters above sea level. It was the highest point in the city at that time.  

Today's pavilion was rebuilt in 1983, with imitated wood structure, chestnut tiles and cornices, Zhuliang painted building, main and deputy three pavilions, and a long corridor in between.  

The entire pavilion is distributed in an arc shape. The main pavilion is supported by 60 wooden pillars, with 32 high pecking heads, 32 wind horse copper bells, and 10 kiss dragons.  

There are 62 stone lions carved on the stone railings before and after the pavilion, as well as stone sculptures of carts, horses, dragons, plums, 

bamboos, and hibiscus, reflecting the style and features of the famous city of Chu and Han in Changsha.


9.Bell and Drum Tower

The Bell and Drum Tower is located in the center of Xi'an. The whole bell tower is mainly made of brick and wood structure. From bottom to top, it consists of a base, a building body and a treasure roof.  

In the old days, a big clock hung upstairs for alarm and timekeeping, hence the name "Clock Tower". It is the largest and most well-preserved clock tower that can be seen in our country.

The four corners of the eaves are flying up, like a bird spreading its wings, and the beast kisses composed of various classical Chinese animal and beast patterns are set against the glazed tile roof, 

giving people a simple, elegant, and layered beauty.  The high treasure roof gleams in the sun, making this ancient building even more resplendent and glorious.

The building is of wooden structure, with three rooms deep and wide, 36 meters high from the ground to the top of the building, covering an area of ​​1377.64 square meters.  

The pedestal is square, 8.6 meters high. The center of the four sides of the pedestal has a voucher-shaped door with a height of 6 meters, which is connected to the four streets in the south, east, 

and northwest, and has the architectural style of the Han nationality in the Ming Dynasty.  In the old days, a big clock hung upstairs for alarm and time, hence the name "Bell Tower".

Although the current bell tower in Xi’an has lost its function of reporting time and political symbolism, it is still known for its grandeur, exquisite construction, and colorful colors. 

It has become the largest and most well-preserved of the many bell towers left over from ancient China.  In terms of appearance or structure, it can be called a model and artistic treasure of the early Ming Dynasty architecture.

10.Tianyi Pavilion

Tianyi Pavilion is located in the urban area of ​​Ningbo, Zhejiang. It is the earliest private library in China, the oldest existing library in Asia and one of the three earliest family libraries in the world.  

Tianyi Pavilion covers an area of ​​26,000 square meters and was built in the middle of the Ming Dynasty.

The name Tianyi Pavilion is derived from the saying that “Tian Yi Jing Yi” in Han Zheng Xuan’s "Book of Changes" said that fire is the greatest disaster in the library, and “Tian Yi Yi Water” can be used to overcome fire by water, so it is named  "Tianyi Pavilion." 

The book pavilion is a hard mountain top and heavy building, with six rooms wide and deep, with long corridors communicating with each other in the front and back.  There is a "Tianyi Pond" in front of the building.

It is said that Fan Qin named the new library "Tianyi Pavilion" in accordance with the phrase "Tian Yi Jing Zhu" in "I Ching Zhu" by Zheng Xuan named the new library "Tianyi Pavilion" and adopted "Tianyi Pavilion" in the architectural layout.  

In the layout of “Land Six”, a pool is built outside the building for fire prevention and “fire is made with water”.  At the same time, various anti-moth and insect repellent measures are adopted to protect books.

Tianyi Pavilion currently contains 22,360 kinds of ancient books, 158,840 volumes; among them, 5,313 kinds of rare ancient books, 34,626 volumes.   

Among these ancient books, the most valuable are the Ming Dynasty documents (including local chronicles, imperial examination records, anthologies, political books, etc.) originally collected in Tianyi Pavilion, especially 3751 types of Ming printed editions.  

Among the Qing Dynasty documents collected in Tianyi Pavilion, there are 259 manuscripts with the most distinctive features.  

Two-thirds of these manuscripts are unique ones that have never been published before, which is extremely precious.   

At present, 18,161 pieces of data (127,911 books) have been imported into the "National Ancient Book Census and Registration Basic Database", which can be accessed by readers at home and abroad. 

Readers can also log in to the Tianyi Pavilion Museum's official website to register and view the Tianyi Pavilion bibliographic information and some digitalized information.  Ancient books.

Friends, which famous building do you like best?  Welcome your exchange, thank you!

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