Classics of Chinese Painting,A picture of the weird fairy that has been completely preserved thousands of years ago

Hello everyone, here is the blog of Lin Lan, a famous young Chinese calligrapher and painter.  To learn Chinese calligraphy and Chinese painting, please contact Lin Lan from "Lin Lan Calligraphy and Painting Education".

Today we are going to admire a thousand-year-old ancient painting. There are 87 very strange ancient gods in the painting. Let's explore it together! 

"Eighty-Seven Immortals Scroll", this is a hand scroll of a white-drawn figure on paper created by Wu Daozi in the Tang Dynasty, which is now in the collection of Beijing Xu Beihong Memorial Hall.

The whole picture is divided into three parts: the work is from left to right, the front is the six gods who open the way, and then there are twenty-four golden boys and jade girls holding flowers and holding the flag, as the forefront of the Donghua Tiandi.  

Between the Tiandi of Donghua and the Tiandi of Antarctica, there are twenty-nine members of the band and the golden boy and jade girl.  

Behind the band is the Antarctic Emperor, followed by 23 people, including the Golden Boy and Jade Girl, Xian Bo, and Li Shi, and finally the four gods and generals, which is the latter part.

It depicts the eighty-seven gods marching in line, and purely expresses the grand scene of the 87 gods traveling by pure lines. The pictures are beautiful, the brushwork is smart and free, just like a fairyland, which represents the highest achievement of the white-drawing technique of the Tang Dynasty.




 Painting content

The middle part of the painting is the best, and the middle part is the most exciting band.  The band consists of eight people, divided into three rows: the front, middle and back.  Two pipa players walk in the front row, the middle row of three people playing the long drum in the middle position, and the back row of three people playing the sheng in the middle position. The heads of these eight people are connected by an invisible diamond. 

The drum is used to master the rhythm and play a commanding role, and is arranged in the center.  Two pipa players, one is holding diagonally and the other is holding horizontally, in order to change.  The flute girl looks back and echoes the flute girl at the back in order to get in touch.  


The hair styles and headdresses of the eight musicians are different, and they are varied, exquisite and not complicated.  The clothes of the eight people have not changed much. The sleeves, skirt pleats, drapes, and ribbons are all expressed with long lines, which creates a forward movement and a sense of ecstasy.  

There is no pattern decoration in the clothes, and the decorations are all on the head, forming a contrast between the flowing long arc lines of the clothes and the short lines on the head. The overall effect of the picture is clear and beautiful.


Creative background

Wu Daozi lived in the Tang Dynasty when the country was strong, the economy was prosperous, and the culture and art developed leaps and bounds.  The two capitals of the Tang Dynasty, Luoyang and Chang'an, were the cultural centers of the country.  

The painters inherited Yan Liben and Yuchi Yiseng, the stars are shining, and the painting is prosperous and magnificent.  Wu Daozi absorbed folk and foreign painting styles and established a new national style, which the world called the "Wu Family Style".  


At the same time, the content of Buddhism and Taoism was infiltrated and merged with the styles of the Southern and Northern Dynasties, and had undergone tremendous changes in the Tang Dynasty. 

It was concentrated on the Taoist figures in Wu Daozi's writings, resulting in a perfect combination of religious art and the "Wu family style"  .  "Eighty Seven Immortals Scroll" was born under these conditions. 

During the Kaiyuan period of the Tang Dynasty, the general Pei Min stayed at his mother's funeral and asked Wu Daozi to paint ghosts and gods in Tiangong Temple.  

Wu Daozi asked Pei Minping to go to mourning clothes, entangled with military uniforms, galloped horses and danced swords, excited and frustrated, majestic and majestic, thousands of viewers, all shuddering. 


But Wu Daozi's undressed majestic, because he used his spirit to draw and think, and his pen was born, he was a wonder of the world.  Pao Ding Jie Niu, round and flat round, all use skills to advance Dao;

while Zhang Xuguan Gongsun Da Niang's sword dance is cursive, and Dao Zi is also like painting!  Moreover, being able to condescend the Titans, such a spirit, is not something ordinary people can do.

 About the Author

Wu Daozi (approximately 680-759), a painter in the Tang Dynasty.  The history of painting is regarded as the saint of painting.  Also known as Daoxuan.  Han nationality, from Yangdi (now Yuzhou, Henan).  He was born around the first year of Yonglong (680) and died around the first year of Qianyuan (758).  

Little orphaned and poor, he started as a folk painter and became famous when he was young.  He used to be a county lieutenant in Yanzhou Xiaqiu (now Ziyang, Shandong), and soon resigned.

After living in Luoyang, he engaged in mural creation.  During the Kaiyuan period, he was called into the court with good paintings, and served as a priest, a doctor of internal teaching, and a friend of Ning Wang.  

I once learned calligraphy with Zhang Xu and He Zhizhang, and experienced the way of using brushes by watching Gongsun Da Niang dance sword.  Good at Buddhism, gods and ghosts, figures, landscapes, birds and beasts, vegetation, pavilions, etc., especially good at Buddhism, figures, and mural creation.

Each of the gods in the ancient paintings has their own posture. It can be seen that the ancient authors observed the characters very carefully. It is because of seriousness and perseverance that the thousand-year-old Chinese painting has been achieved today.

Finally, please enjoy the color pictures again.


Write good Chinese characters, draw good Chinese paintings, welcome to Lin Lan's calligraphy and painting education!


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